Do you use any mods ? This could be the cause of it. If so please launch the launcher and click 'options' and then 'force update'. Log in once to reset your files.
I also see you have a pretty basic GPU. You can try updating it with this link: http://downloadcenter.intel.com/Detail_Desc.aspx?agr=Y&DwnldID=21230&lang=eng&wapkw=hd+graphics+3000
Have you tried running Mineraft on lowest settings ? Is your laptop getting too hot ? Make sure you are not blocking your laptop's exhausts on the sides. You can monitor your system by downloading GPUZ: http://www.techpowerup.com/downloads/2157/TechPowerUp_GPU-Z_v0.6.4.html
You can also try temporarily disabling any antivirus you have and see how it goes.
In any case your GPU might be too weak to play Minecraft. I hope this helped you.